By Donald C. Fry
How does Maryland’s business climate fare in the latest round of national rankings of the best states for business?
Our state ranks from 5th to 41st on major business climate lists published in 2012 or 2013 that were recently reviewed by the Greater Baltimore Committee. Of seven major business climate reports examined by the GBC, Maryland ranked in the top 25 on three lists and received rankings below 30th on four lists.
That’s what the GBC reported to the new House Business Climate Workgroup, which held its first meeting on February 15.
Maryland’s fifth-place ranking for business climate came on the 2012 New Economy Index, published recently by the Washington, D.C.-based Information Technology and Innovation Foundation.
Maryland’s lowest rankings – 41st and 40th – came respectively from the D.C.-based Tax Foundation, and from a survey of CEOs published by Chief Executive magazine. Our state also received business-climate rankings of 31st from CNBC and 32nd on the Small Business and Entrepreneurship Council’s 2012 Business Tax Index.
Site Selection magazine did not even include Maryland on its 2012 “Top States for Business Climate” rankings – a list on which our state was included as recently as two years ago.
What does all of this mean? First, it’s important to note that the criteria for determining the rankings are highly subjective and vary widely. Some rankings such as the CEO survey measure perceptions, while other rankings are developed by compiling and weighing dozens of indicators ranging from technology and workforce scores to specific business tax rates.
Because of the subjective criteria among the various rankings, policy makers should not draw too much from any individual ranking. But neither should they dismiss the information to be gleaned from the reports on the rankings.
For instance, the rankings consistently reinforce the perception that Maryland is a higher-tax state, in terms of both corporate and personal income taxes. Other consistent areas of concern among the rankings include higher utility and energy costs, and comparatively high costs of doing business.
The rankings also consistently show Maryland’s competitive strengths to include technology and innovation, education, and quality of workforce. Many in government feel these significant assets alone are enough to prompt business decisions to locate or expand here.
In a perfect world, that might seem logical. But such logic dissipates quickly in the highly competitive world of economic development.
The truth is, Maryland policy makers shouldn’t focus on any particular ranking. What they can, and should, do is decide what qualities as a business location Maryland needs to cultivate in order to ensure businesses that are already here can grow and thrive, and businesses elsewhere desire to locate new operations here.
The Greater Baltimore Committee offered the eight core pillars for Maryland’s business competitiveness, from its “Gaining a Competitive Edge” report, for the Business Climate Workgroup to consider as a starting point for its work. The GBC pillars were compiled from a year-long series of focus groups comprised of economic development experts – including the all of the state’s secretaries of the Department of Business and Economic Development over the past 20 years – and business CEOs from across Maryland.
The ultimate mission of government leaders and policy makers in Maryland is not to become obsessed with how much attention we place on any particular national survey. It’s to ensure solid strategic policies are in place – whether based on the GBC’s core pillars or some other bedrock economic principles – to generate economic growth, jobs and a continuing high quality of life.
If we do that, Maryland’s rankings will take care of themselves.